Back to Top Cold War: InPresident Harry Truman also spoke of two diametrically opposed systems:
Visit Website Space exploration served as another dramatic arena for Cold War competition. In the United States, space was seen as the next frontier, a logical extension of the grand American tradition of exploration, and it was crucial not to lose too much ground to the Soviets.
In addition, this demonstration of the overwhelming power of the R-7 missile—seemingly capable of delivering a nuclear warhead into U. A New Urgency Inthe U. Army under the direction of rocket scientist Wernher von Braun.
The first, spearheaded by the U. Air Force, dedicated itself to exploiting the military potential of space. The second, led by the Central Intelligence Agency CIAthe Air Force and a new organization called the National Reconnaissance Office the existence of which was kept classified until the early s was code-named Corona; it would use orbiting satellites to gather intelligence on the Soviet Union and its allies.
Space Race Heats Up Inthe Soviet space program took another step forward with the launch of Luna 2, the first space probe to hit the moon. In Aprilthe Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first person to orbit Earth, traveling in the capsule-like spacecraft Vostok 1. On May 5, astronaut Alan Shepard became the first American in space though not in orbit.
Later that May, President John F. Kennedy made the bold, public claim that the U. Apollo suffered a setback in Januarywhen three astronauts were killed after their spacecraft caught fire during a launch simulation. On July 16,U. For their part, the Soviets made four failed attempts to launch a lunar landing craft between andincluding a spectacular launch-pad explosion in July This frenzy of interest was further encouraged by the new medium of television.
Astronauts came to be seen as the ultimate American heroes, and earth-bound men and women seemed to enjoy living vicariously through them. Soviets, in turn, were pictured as the ultimate villains, with their massive, relentless efforts to surpass America and prove the power of the communist system.
With the conclusion of the space race, U. Inthe joint Apollo-Soyuz mission sent three U. Start your free trial today.The United States and the Soviet Union engaged in a conventional and nuclear arms race that persisted until the collapse of the Soviet Union. Andrei Gromyko was Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR, and is the longest-serving foreign minister in the world.
During World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union fought together as allies against the Axis powers. However, the relationship between the two nations was a tense one.
Americans had long. The Space Race pitted the United States and Soviet Union against each other in a contest that extended from the Earth to the surface of the moon and beyond.
Humans have dreamt of exploring space for a very long time. Tensions. The Space Race refers to the 20th-century competition between two Cold War rivals, the Soviet Union (USSR) and the United States (US), for dominance in spaceflight capability/5(4).
Relations between the Soviet Union and the United States were driven by a complex interplay of ideological, political, and economic factors, which led to cooperation and superpower rivalry. Revelations from the Russian Archives The Soviet Union and the United States.
Home The Cold War was a period of East-West competition, . The competition between the United States and the Soviet Union after World War II was called the A. Communist War. B. Cold War. C.
The United States, the Soviet Union, and the End of World War II. Wartime relations between the United States and the Soviet Union can be considered one of the highpoints in the longstanding interaction between these two great powers. Tensions. The Space Race refers to the 20th-century competition between two Cold War rivals, the Soviet Union (USSR) and the United States (US), for dominance in spaceflight capability/5(4). During World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union fought together as allies against the Axis powers. However, the relationship between the two nations was a tense one. Americans had long.