The kidneys General description and location The kidneys are bean-shaped, reddish brown paired organs, concave on one long side and convex on the opposite. They are normally located high in the abdominal cavity and against its back wall, lying on either side of the vertebral column between the levels of the 12th thoracic and third lumbar vertebrae, and outside the peritoneum, the membrane that lines the abdomen. The long axes of the kidneys are aligned with that of the body, but the upper end of each kidney pole is tilted slightly inward toward the backbone vertebral column.
There will be four point exams during the semester plus a comprehensive test. The comprehensive test will be optional for most students, but must be taken by those who miss one of the first three exams.
There will also be eight point quizzes five 2-point multiple questions each during the semester. Quiz dates will not be announced beforehand.
Quizzes will be over material covered in lecture since the previous exam. If a quiz is missed, you will be allowed to take a make-up quiz only if you can provide a legitimate reason for missing class, e.
If one of the first three exams is missed, you will take the comprehensive test as the make-up test. If you take the first three exams, the comprehensive test is optional. If you take the first three exams plus the optional test, I will drop the lowest of these four scores.
In other words, if you take the optional test, you can substitute your score on the optional test for your lowest score on the first three exams.
The optional test score cannot be used as a substitute for Exam 4. Everyone must take Exam 4. Quizzes will include questions based on material covered in lecture. Exams will include questions based on material covered in lecture and in the text.
Most readings in the text will be over material also covered in lecture. However, for each exam, you will be responsible for the material in one chapter of the text; material that will not be covered in lecture. Those chapters are as follows: Exams and quizzes will consist of multiple choice questions.
Review questions are available for each exam: Questions are based on material covered both in lecture and the text. All exam and quiz questions will be based on these review questions.
For each exam, I'll provide you with a test booklet and a Scantron sheet. You'll need to provide a pencil.
On exam days, please be on time! Exams will be handed out at the beginning of class. At the next class meeting after an exam unless otherwise notedexams will be handed back. Final grades will be assigned as follows:With our breakthrough 24x Rapid Learning System TM of smart teaching and rich media, you can now finally gain a powerful learning edge over others who are still struggling with static textbooks and online freebies.
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and Physiology 10 The cellular unit of the nervous system is the neuron. What is the major function of this cell type? s sçwzs 2.
The supporting cells, or neuroglia, have numerous functions. Review Sheet 13 8. Correctly identify the sensory (afferent) neuron, interneuron, and motor (efferent) neuron in .
History. The precursor to nithiazine was first synthesized by Henry Feuer, a chemist at Purdue University, in ; Shell researchers found in screening that this precursor showed insecticide potential and refined it to develop nithiazine.
In nithiazine's mode of action was found to be as a postsynaptic acetylcholine receptor agonist, the same as nicotine.
Anatomy & Physiology. Anatomy & Physiology.
The Human Body: An Orientation Adam Inside Out- The Nervous System- Worksheet; The Nervous System- Powerpoint; Digestive System Review- Notes; Digestive System- Powerpoint ; The Reproductive System. Chapter 16a Reproduction- . Exercise 9: Renal System Physiology: Activity 3: Renal Response to Altered Blood Pressure Lab Report Pre-lab Quiz Results You scored 75% by answering 3 out of 4 questions correctly.
Links to Useful Web-Sites for PHYSIOLOGY: Down-loadable e-Books of the Lecture Outlines by Professor Fink can be purchased from the WLAC Bookstore at.