An IM injection is a shot of medicine given into a muscle intramuscular.
Overview When a medication is injected directly into muscle, it is called an intramuscular injection IM. The Z-track method is a type of IM injection technique used to prevent tracking leakage of the medication into the subcutaneous tissue underneath the skin.
During the procedure, skin and tissue are pulled and held firmly while a long needle is inserted into the muscle. After the medication is injected, the skin and tissue are released. When you insert a needle into the tissues, it leaves a very small hole, or track. Small amounts of medication can sometimes leak backwards through this track and be absorbed into other tissues.
This zigzag track line is what prevents medication from leaking from the muscle into surrounding tissue. The procedure is usually administered by a nurse or doctor.
In some cases, you may be instructed how to perform Z-track injections on yourself at home. You may also need the help of a caregiver, friend or family member to administer the injection. Side effects can include swelling and injection discomfort.
However, Z-track injection is usually less painful than a traditional IM injection. Purpose of Z-Track Injection The Z-track method is not often recommended, but can be particularly useful with medication that must be absorbed by muscle to work.
It also helps to prevent medication from seeping into the subcutaneous tissue and ensures a full dosage. Some medications are dark colored and can cause staining of the skin. If this is a side effect of the medication you will be taking, the doctor may recommend using this technique to prevent injection site discoloration or lesions.
Z-Track Injection Sites Z-track injections can be performed at any intramuscular injection location, though the thigh and buttocks are the most common sites.
Thigh vastus lateralis muscle: Divide the upper thigh in thirds.
Use the middle third, on the outside or middle of the muscle for the injection. Place the heel of your hand on the head of the greater trochanter hip bone with your thumb pointing toward the abdomen.
An intramuscular (IM) injection is a type of shot that delivers medication straight into your vascular muscles. In terms of weight loss injections, delivery via intramuscular shot is recommended for the following substances. Intramuscular injections require a thorough and meticulous approach to patient assessment and injection technique. This article, the second in a series of two, reviews the evidence base to inform safer practice and to consider the evidence for nursing practice in this area. A framework for safe. subcutaneous and intramuscular injections. Safe injection techniques As knowledge to support nurses’ everyday practice increases, it is appropriate to reappraise routine pro-cedures. This article revises nurses’ knowledge of the Workman B () Safe injection techniques. Nursing Standard, 39, .
Extend your index finger up to the anterior superior iliac spine then spread your other fingers back along the iliac crest. Preparing for Z-Track Injection It is important that the correct size needle is used. Your healthcare team will advise you on which needle and syringe to use, taking your weight, build, and age into consideration.
You may also be asked about preexisting conditions. Be sure to tell your doctor if you have a bleeding disorder.
In an adult, the most commonly used needles are one inch or one and a half inches long, and 22 to 25 gauge thick. Smaller needles are typically used when injecting a child. Administering a Z-Track Injection Wash your hands with soap and warm water.
This will help to prevent potential infection. Be sure to thoroughly scrub between fingers, on the backs of hands, and under fingernails.The technique of IM injections has changed over the past years due to evidence-based research and changes in equipment available for the procedure.
An IM site is chosen based on the age and condition of the patient and the volume and type of medication injected. Oct 31, · Expert Reviewed. How to Give an Intramuscular Injection. Three Parts: Proceeding With the IM Injection Understanding Background Knowledge Using the Z-Track Technique Community Q&A Learning to give an intramuscular (IM) injection may become a necessity if you, or a family member, suffer from an illness that requires injections of medication%(90).
The administration of intramuscular injections is a common nursing intervention in clinical practice.
1 This article aims to, raise awareness in relation to the injection sites used for intramuscular injection and, to highlight best practice in relation to IM injection administration. Intramuscular injections require a thorough and meticulous approach to patient assessment and injection technique.
This article, the second in a series of two, reviews the evidence base to inform safer practice and to consider the evidence for nursing practice in this area. A framework for safe.
An intramuscular (IM) injection is a type of shot that delivers medication straight into your vascular muscles. In terms of weight loss injections, delivery via intramuscular shot is recommended for the following substances.
What is an intramuscular injection? An intramuscular (IM) injection is a shot of medicine given into a muscle. Certain medicines need to be given into the muscle for them to work correctly.