What is youth work?
Youth and Community Work in the 70s arose out of a rather ill-focused review of youth work developments after the Albemarle Report Ministry of Education see Davies It sprang from the work of two sub-committees there were going to be more - one chaired by Andrew Fairbairn - examined youth work and schooling and further education; the other - chaired by Fred Milson - youth work and the relationship with the 'adult community'.
As Davies and Holmes have reported, there was considerable tension between the two committees around the future role of the youth service. The former committee, and in particular its chair, wanted to locate youth work far more fully within schools - especially community schools.
Milson and his colleagues were sceptical of the extent to which community schools could represent the full range of community interests Holmes The result was a strange document that contradicted itself in places and bore all the marks of political or administrative compromise Davis However, it did have an explicit position around the sort of society that should be aimed at.
In a country such as ours, subject to the changes consequent upon a rapidly changing technology, society needs to engage in an intensive and perpetual transformation of itself, unless it is to respond to tomorrow's world with yesterday's activities and modes of organization.
Our commitment is to a society in which every member can be publicly active; for only in this way can society become positively responsive to them, and, in the constant renewal of itself, reflect their values. There was an emphasis on community development - on the rejuvenating and development of small, social and local groups.
This led the Report's writers into making some significant and brave statements about the work with 'the young adult group' Davies We ask, therefore, for work with these young people through which they and their society can be helped towards maturity, as part of an 'active society' responsive and eager for change and development.
We ask for work with young adults which is based upon the principles of community development by all the various agencies concerned with young people, not just those which comprise the Youth Service. Those who work with young adults should no longer see themselves as 'providers', placing young people in the position of 'receivers' who are sometimes to be given 'shadow' responsibilities We see older adults as 'enablers': The first step in changing the pattern of work for the young adult is thus self-determination.
However, it is our hope that something still more important can develop from this. One of the major criticisms of present youth provision is that it isolates the young from the rest of society It is becoming obvious that adults must in future accept young people as social equals and no longer as children expected to play adult roles only in those areas where it is convenient that they should do so.
We see it as a task of the Youth Service to further this engagement of the young in and with society. There is talk in many quarters today about 'participation'. An important aim of Youth Service should be to facilitate critical and responsible participation among the rising generation.
In suggesting this, it is no part of our aim to achieve a comfortable integration of the youth and adult populations, nor attempt to 'socialize' the young so that they are reconciled with the status quo, and capitulate to its values Work with young adults, must, in the future therefore, no longer be a device or the social control of them by others, and it must be seen not to be, lest it be mistrusted.
Its 'hard' proposals for change were few and were not adequately developed for effective operationalization. Its challenging philosophical and methodological messages, when they did not simply confuse, lacked specificity or were internally contradictory, exposing the political and Political compromises which had produced them.
Too often, therefore, the report, rather than building on the image and achievements of Albemarle as the YSDC had obviously hoped proved to be distracting, diversionary, and even debilitating for the service's work with young people. A history of the Youth Service in England Volume 1: The informal education homepage holds a licence to reproduce public service information and another to reproduce Parliamentary material.
First placed in the archives:Reflecting on the Past: Essays in the History of Youth and Community Work [Ruth Gilchrist, Tracey Hodgson, Tony Jeffs, Jean Spence, Naomi Stanton, Joyce Walker] on timberdesignmag.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
In order to encourage and foster the study of the history of youth and community work, the British journal Youth and Policy has sponsored five bi-annual conferences on the topic Author: Ruth Gilchrist.
In addition there is an excellent series of books based on material emerging from the Youth and Policy History of Youth and Community Work: Gilchrist, R., Jeffs, T. and Spence, J. ().
Essays in the History of Community and Youth Work. Review of Essays in the History of Youth and Community Work. Essays in the History of Community and Youth Work. Edited by Ruth Gilchrist, Tony Jeffs and Jean Spence.
We are starting to . Offers a contribution to the emergent history of youth and community work. This book aims to introduce contemporary practitioners to the richness of the knowledge gained within past practice in a . This book draws out some of the lessons of the past so as to inform present practice.
It makes an important contribution to the maintenance of the distinctive professional identity of youth and community work, helping to restore it to its place alongside the related welfare professions of Author: Ruth Gilchrist.
The rise and fall of girls basketball in U.S. Cardijn versus Baden-Powell: The methodical turn in youth work history. The rise and fall of community and youth work courses at Westhill College. Starting out: origins of Newcastle timberdesignmag.com: Ruth Gilchrist, Tony Jeffs, Jean Spence.