International Dimensions of Ethics Education Case Study Series Publication Date Abstract The Bhopal case is an in-depth study of the industrial accident at the Union Carbide factory in India that immediately killed 2, people, injured anothertomore, and immediately raised questions about plant safety and corporate responsibility around the world.
The Bhopal Gas Tragedy: Introduction In the early morning hours of December 3,a poisonous grey cloud forty tons of toxic gases from Union Carbide India Limited UCIL's 1 pesticide plant at Bhopal spread throughout the city.
What followed was a nightmare. The killer gas spread through the city, sending residents scurrying through the dark streets. No alarm ever sounded a warning and no evacuation plan was prepared. When victims arrived at hospitals breathless and blind, doctors did not know how to treat them, as UCIL had not provided emergency information.
It was only when the sun rose the next morning that the magnitude of the devastation was clear. Dead bodies of humans and animals blocked the streets, leaves turned black, the smell of burning chilli peppers lingered in the air.
Estimates suggested that as many as 10, may have died immediately and 30, to 50, were too ill to ever return to their jobs.
The catastrophe raised some serious ethical issues. The pesticide factory was built in the midst of densely populated settlements.
The MIC plant was not designed to handle a runaway reaction. When the uncontrolled reaction started, MIC was flowing through the scrubber meant to neutralize MIC emissions at more than times its designed capacity. MIC was not stored at zero degree centigrade as prescribed and the refrigeration and cooling systems had been shut down five months before the disaster, as part of UCC's global economy drive.
Vital gauges and indicators in the MIC tank were defective. The flare tower meant to burn off MIC emissions was under repair at the time of the disaster and the scrubber contained no caustic soda.
As part of UCC's drive to cut costs, the work force in the Bhopal factory was brought down by half from to This had serious consequences on safety and maintenance. The size of the work crew for the MIC plant was cut in half from twelve to six workers. The maintenance supervisor position had been eliminated and there was no maintenance supervisor.
The period of safety-training to workers in the MIC plant was brought down from 6 months to 15 days.In the morning of December 3, a tragic event occurred in the city of Bhopal, the state of Madhya Pradesh, India.
It has been known as the world's worst industrial disaster. A Union Carbide India, Limited (UCIL)'s plant released 40 tonnes of methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas which instantly killed over 3, people and carrying on causing the.
One of the most disastrous events since the history of chemical industry occurred in Bhopal, the capital city of Madhya Pradesh, on the night of December 02, , in the factory of Union Carbide of India Ltd.
(UC1L) due to leakage of Methyl Iso Cynate (MIC) gas. Case Study: Bhopal Gas Tragedy () Dr. Rhyddhi Chakraborty Programme Leader (Health and Social Care), London Churchill College, UK Email: [email protected] What follows is a synopsis of the . The case gives an overview of the Bhopal gas tragedy.
On December 3, , poisonous gas leaked from Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL's) pesticide plant in Bhopal, which killed thousands of people. The case brings out the ethical issues involved in the disaster. Unión Carbide and Bhopal: Dairy of a Disaster Introduction • In UCC (Union Carbide Corporation) choose Bhopal as manufacturing site for new pesticide plant • Agreed to transfer the technology • New plant operated by subsidiary UCIL • Site on northern city limits • Railway and Bus station located at about 1 mile and half mile away respectively5/5(1).
THE BHOPAL INDUSTRIAL DISASTER: A CASE STUDY (A) Introduction The Bhopal disaster which took place in the early morning hours of 4 Bhopal's gas Tragedy had deplored the unequal power relations between often poor or even bankrupt debtor governments and transnational corporations.