Malay subgroups[ edit ] A Malay woman in Singapore circa Most Singaporean Malays are descended from different ethnic groups that are found throughout the Malay Archipelago. They lived on boats and sustained their lives by fishing and collecting other materials from the forests.
By the multiethnic population attracted to the island had grown from a few thousand to 2. Modern Singapore would be scarcely recognizable to Raffles, who established his trading center on an island covered with tropical forests and ringed with mangrove swamps.
Towering skyscrapers replace the colonial town he designed, and modern expressways cover the tracks of bullock carts that once led from the harbor to the commercial district and the countryside beyond.
Hills have been leveled, swamps filled, and the island itself expanded in size through extensive land reclamation projects. Offshore islands are used for recreation parks, oil refineries, and military training bases.
By housing 88 percent of its population in mostly multistoried public housing, Singapore has kept a rein on suburban sprawl. Malays, Chinese, Arabs, Bugis, and Europeans.
Government resettlement programs begun in the s broke up the former ethnic enclaves by requiring that the public housing projects--called housing estates--that replaced them reflect the ethnic composition of the country as a whole. There are, however, mixtures within this mixture.
The designation Chinese lumps together speakers of more than five mutually unintelligible dialects; Singaporean Malays trace their forebears to all of the major islands of the Indonesian archipelago, as well as to the Malay Peninsula; and the ancestral homes of Indians include what are the modern states of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka.
Out of this diversity, the government leadership has attempted to establish a what is calls "Singaporean identity," which would include certain unifying and modernizing elements but yet retain essential variations, based on Asian culture and values.
One of the unifying factors is the English language, selected as the medium for educational instruction both because of its neutrality in the eyes of the three dominant ethnic groups and because of its position as the international language of business, science, and technology.
In order not to lose touch with their Asian heritage, however, Singaporean school children are also required to study an appropriate "mother tongue," designated by the government as either Malay, Tamil, or Mandarin Chinese--a vast oversimplification of the polyglot of Singaporean native languages.
Education, home ownership, and upward mobility are all considered appropriate goals. Although Singaporeans are expected to be modern in their outlook, they also are encouraged to retain a core of traditional Asian values and culture. In a society in which all share a common education system, public housing, recreation facilities, and military training, the government considers it important to highlight the uniqueness of the three official ethnic groups--Chinese, Malays, and Indians-- through the setting aside of national ethnic holidays and the sponsorship of ethnic festivals.
Singaporean ethnic differences are usually maintained, however, not so much by these somewhat self-conscious displays of ethnicity but rather by membership in ethnically exclusive associations.
Usually religious, charitable, or business in nature, many of these associations had their origins in colonial Singapore and represent finer distinctions of ethnicity than those supported by the government.
Chinese trade associations, for example, are usually restricted to speakers of a particular dialect. Hindu temples are sometimes associated with worshipers who trace their heritage to a particular region of India.
Singapore is multireligious as well as multiethnic. Major religious preferences reported in were Buddhism 28 percentChristian 19 percentno religion 17 percentIslam 16 percentDaoist 13 percentand Hindu 5 percent.
The government, although secular, views religion as a positive force for instilling moral values in the society. At the same time, it keeps a watchful eye out for social or political activism within religious groups.
Muslim fundamentalists and over-zealous Christian proselytizers alike are kept under careful scrutiny, lest they upset the religious and ethnic harmony of the country.
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Malay Singaporeans or Singaporean Malays (Malay: Melayu Singapura; Jawi: ملايو سيڠاڤورا ) are defined by the Government of Singapore and by intellectuals in the country using the broader concept of the Malay race, including ethnic Malays and related ethnic groups. Although the Malays are indigenous to the area that is now Singapore, and with established political rule recorded. OMNI-CHANNEL MATURITY MODEL. Using an extensive experience over the last 24 years working with some of the world’s leading Omni-channel retailers, IVIS Group has developed the Omni-Channel Maturity Model (OCm²®), a customer-centric methodology enabling retailers to successfully navigate this Omni-channel journey. Singapore One is the largest network service provider for Southeast Asia and has a master plan for the millennium, which is "to transfer Singapore into an intelligent island where information technology is.
Sir Stamford Raffles: Sir Stamford Raffles, British East Indian administrator and founder of the port city of Singapore (), who was largely responsible for the creation of Britain’s Far Eastern empire. He was knighted in Born to an improvident merchant .