Until aroundHegel devoted himself to developing his ideas on religious and social themes, and seemed to have envisaged a future for himself as a type of modernising and reforming educator, in the image of figures of the German Enlightenment such as Lessing and Schiller. In the s the University of Jena had become a center for the development of critical philosophy due to the presence of K. Reinhold — and then Fichte, who taught there from until his dismissal on the grounds of atheism at the end of the decade.
Each agrees to tell one story each day for ten days. The stories are told in the garden of the first villa that the company stays at, which is located a few miles outside the city. Under the rule of Pampinea, the first day of story-telling is open topic.
Although there is no assigned theme of the tales this first day, six deal with one person censuring another and four are satires of the Catholic Church. First tale I, 1 [ edit ] Ser Cepparello, commonly known as Ciapelletto, a notoriously wicked man, travels on business to Burgundya region he is unknown in, as a favor to Musciatto Franzesi.
Once there, he soon falls terminally ill. The two Florentine brothers who were housing him during his stay bring a friar from a nearby convent to hear his confession and give him his last rites. Ciappelletto proceeds to tell the friar lies about his life that make him seem very pure, while pretending to cringe over venial sins.
He is completely believed by the friar, who preaches a sermon on his life after he passes away. The townspeople who hear the sermon believe that he was a holy man and revere him as a saint long after Ciapelletto dies.
Panfilo is the storyteller of the first tale of the entire collection, which is also the first tale ridiculing then-current practices of the Roman Catholic Church in this case canonization by the people. The earliest source of this story is found in chapter eight of Saint Sulpicius Severus 's biography of Saint Martin of Tours.
The biography dates from around AD. One day Abraham departs for Rome, telling Giannotto that he wants to see the leaders of the Church — the pope and the curia — to decide whether or not he wants to convert.
Giannotto, knowing of the debauched and decadent ways of the Roman clergy, fears Abraham will never want to convert after witnessing the corruption of the Church. But when Abraham returns, he converts, concluding that if Christianity can still spread even when its hierarchy is so corrupt, it must be the true word of God.
Neifile tells both the second story of the book and the second anti-Catholic story. In this caustic story, the Jew converts because he logically concludes that only a religion supported by God could prosper despite the corruption of its leadership.
The earliest source of this tale is in Busone da Gubbio's "Avventuroso Ciciliano", written in Italian in This tale has also been told about Muslims, including Saladin.
Melchizedek, a Jew, has money enough to cover the shortfall, but Saladin believes he is too avaricious to lend it fairly. Saladin tries to trick Melchizedek into giving offense and justifying the seizure of his wealth by asking him whether JudaismChristianity, or Islam is the true word of god.
Melchizedek evades the trap by comparing it to the story of a merchant who had a precious ring and three virtuous sons.
Having promised the ring and with it, his estate to all three, the king had two equally precious copies made and gave one ring to each son. Thus it could not be determined who was heir to the estate.
Likewise, it cannot be determined which faith is the truth. Saladin appreciates Melchizedek's wisdom and decides to be honest with him. In the end, Saladin gets his loan and repays it and Melchizedek gets Saladin's respect and gifts of praise for his intelligence.
Filomena narrates this tale, which portrays the main character as wise and in a positive light. Unlike other Medieval and Renaissance authors, Boccaccio treats Jews with respect. Boccaccio may have had contact with Jews while living in Naples as a young man.
However, a slightly younger c. This tale was especially popular in the Renaissance and can be found in many versions all over Europe. However, he knows that he has been seen and so leaves, on pretense of finishing a task, and gives the key to his room to the abbot, who then goes to see the girl for himself and take his own advantage of her.
The monk, who hid, watching all of this, uses it to balk prosecution. The monk and the abbot quickly rush the woman out of the monastery but often bring her back in.- Love in the Male Dominated Society of the 's in Hawthorne's Rappaccini's Daughter "Rappaccini's Daughter" is a strange tale, kind of an early pseudo-scientific short story, that focuses on the life of Beatrice and her bizarre nature.
Dante fought with the Guelph cavalry at the Battle of Campaldino (June 11, ). This victory brought about a reformation of the Florentine constitution. To take any part in public life, one had to enroll in one of the city's many commercial or artisan guilds, so Dante entered the .
Giovanni is not what we originally see.
Instead of a youth in love, he is merely overtaken with curiosity, lust, and vanity. In fact, his interest in Beatrice can, in a way, be compared to Rappaccini’s interest in science, and Baglioni’s interest in the old rules of medicine.
Along with J.G. Fichte and, at least in his early work, F.W.J.
von Schelling, Hegel (–) belongs to the period of German idealism in the decades following Kant. Rappaccini's Daughter is a short story about a young student called Giovanni who falls in love with a girl called Beatrice. Unfortunately, the poison from her father Rappaccini's garden has contaminated her.
One touch from Beatrice and Giovanni will die. While his friend Baglioni gives Giovanni the. What do the X's mean?
The X's just indicate the ones I either have not watched or I have watched but have no review or a puny review. It's just a way to keep me from buying two copies of the same movie.