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In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Devlin observes, archetypes are stereotypes. Yet he can still motivate an inquiring critic like Hiromi Yoshida, though she finally seems to leave him behind.
The first female type is the maternal anima, personified by Eve, and it predominates in the first chapter, where Stephen continually longs for his mother. The second stage is that of the sexual anima, whose prototype is Helen of Troy, and this corresponds to Chapter 2, in which Stephen ends up going to a prostitute.
Desire is spiritualized in the figure of the Virgin Mary, who personifies the third stage of consciousness, at which the sexual impulse is sublimated.
This matches the third chapter, where Stephen devotes himself to the Virgin. The fourth stage, the Gnostic Sophia, represents wisdom that surpasses all modes of knowing. Yoshida sees this anima in the Bird Girl that Stephen is inspired by on the beach in the fourth chapter.
Moreover, the sense that the earlier [End Page ] forms of love are lower and more animal while the later ones are higher and more spiritual brings in concepts of inferior and superior to indicate the problematic politics to which Jungianism can lead.
It is best to see these stages as products of literary tradition: Within this vast tradition, Yoshida does an impressive job of tracing images that connect with the different levels of anima so that her study has the merit of bringing out patterns of motif and mythological references that were not known before.
For example, the cow stands for the maternal anima and the bird for the spiritualized one. Throughout the novel, images of cows tend to decrease after the opening reference, while images of birds tend to increase toward the end of the book.
An image of a cow may lead to thoughts of Daedalus, whose first invention was an artificial cow, and this link may cast light on the scenes in which Stephen rides in a milk wagon. On the level of engagement with the texture of the work, Yoshida is enterprising.
She continually brings out sharp insights, as when Stephen lies in the infirmary at Clongowes: If you would like to authenticate using a different subscribed institution that supports Shibboleth authentication or have your own login and password to Project MUSE, click 'Authenticate'.
You are not currently authenticated. View freely available titles:Joyce & Jung: The “Four Stages of Eroticism” in “A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (review) Sheldon Brivic James Joyce Quarterly, Volume 45, Number , Spring-Summer , pp. The best opinions, comments and analysis from The Telegraph.
Joyce & Jung: The “Four Stages of Eroticism” in “A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man,” by Hiromi Yoshida. New York: Peter Lang, pp. $ Reviews, essays, books and the arts: the leading international weekly for literary culture. Gays & Lesbians in Motion Pictures: A Bibliography of Materials in the UC Berkeley Libraries.
AFAM Intro to African American Studies This course provides an overview of African American history and culture. Topics include major events, persons, and issues spanning the period from the African heritage to contemporary times.